Pr M-R.PRASAD, L.EWING-COBBS, J.BAUMGARTNER : Crush head injury in infants and young children. Neurologic and neuropsychologic sequelae.

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ABTRACT

Neurologic and neuropsychologic sequelae of crush head injury, which is produced by static forces occurring when the head is stationary and pinned against a rigid structure, were studied prospectively in a series of eight children ranging in age from 13 to 32 months. Hospital course, computed tomographic findings, and neurologic and developmental outcomes were examined. All children sustained pronounced cerebral trauma characterized by multiple fractures throughout the calvaria, extra-axial hemorrhages, and parenchymal contusions. Cranial nerve injuries were noted in three and hemiparesis in two of the cases. Two months after the injury, 63% of the children displayed deficits in either IQ or motor functioning. One year after the injury, five of the six children reevaluated had a good recovery. Motor scores were significantly lower than cognitive scores at baseline and showed the greatest degree of improvement over time. Neuropsychologic outcome after brain injury produced by static loading of the head is more favorable than from traumatic brain injury associated with dynamic loading. (J Child Neurol 1999; 14:496-501).

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